李 蒙,潘昊亮,祝庆.1235铝合金冷轧板表面黑丝缺陷分析[J].有色金属工程,2018,8(2):22-25.
1235铝合金冷轧板表面黑丝缺陷分析
Experimental study on surface black silk in 1235 cold-rolled aluminum alloy plate
投稿时间:2016-11-03  修订日期:2016-11-15
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.2095-1744.2018.02.005
中文关键词:  冷轧板  黑丝缺陷  夹杂物  第二相  晶粒组织
英文关键词:cast-rolled plate  black silk defect  inclusions  precipitates  property
基金项目:河南省高等学校重点科研项目;河南省科技攻关计划项目;焦作市科技计划项目
        
作者单位
李 蒙 焦作大学 机电工程学院
潘昊亮 河南机电职业学院
祝庆 商丘阳光铝材有限公司
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中文摘要:
      用电解铝液直接铸轧生产厚为7.0 mm,宽为1 050 mm的1235铝合金铸轧板,经2道次冷轧成厚度为2.1 mm铝箔坯料。利用光学显微镜(OM)、扫描电子显微镜(SEM)及能谱仪(EDS)等检测方法对厚为2.1 mm冷轧板表面黑丝缺陷显微组织进行了研究和分析,探讨了黑丝缺陷形成原因。结果表明:冷轧板表面黑丝缺陷局部存在不规则的凹坑,凹坑内存在粗大夹杂物及第二相颗粒,且退火冷轧板黑丝缺陷晶粒相对正常基体数量多且较小。能谱分析结果表明这些粗大夹杂物是富含Al和O元素组成的非金属氧化物Al2O3,第二相颗粒是由富含Fe、Al元素且含量较低的Si元素组成的金属间化合物AlFeSi,这些都是造成冷轧板出现黑丝缺陷的主要原因。
英文摘要:
      1235 cold-rolled plates with 7 mm in thickness and 1050 mm in width have been manufactured with electrolytic aluminum liquid, then cold-rolled into a thickness of 2.1 mm aluminum foil plates after 2 times of cold-rolled. Microstructure of surface black silk defects of cold-rolled plates with 2.1 mm in thickness were studied by optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), the formation causes of cold-rolled plates were discussed . The results show that there are some grooves in local surface black sill defect of cold-rolled plates, and coarse inclusions and second phase particles exist in the grooves, and the number of the grains in the surface black silk of annealed cold rolled plates is much smaller than that of the normal matrix. Spectrum results declare these coarse inclusions are non-metal oxide Al2O3 rich in Al and O elements, and the second phase particles are intermetallic compounds which are composed of Fe and Al elements with low content of Si elements, those inclusions and precipitates were reasons that cause black silk defect.
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