卜显忠,丁一豪,陈帆帆,陈伟.乳清蛋白对铜离子活化铁闪锌矿的抑制作用[J].有色金属工程,2019,9(8):.
乳清蛋白对铜离子活化铁闪锌矿的抑制作用
Depression Effect Of Whey Protein On Copper-Activated Marmatite
投稿时间:2018-08-30  修订日期:2018-09-27
DOI:
中文关键词:  乳清蛋白  抑制剂  铁闪锌矿  浮选
英文关键词:Whey protein  Depressant  Marmatite  Flotation
基金项目:陕西省自然科学基础研究计划项目(2016JM5005),中国博士后科学基金(2016M590934)
           
作者单位
卜显忠 西安建筑科技大学
丁一豪 西安建筑科技大学
陈帆帆 西安建筑科技大学
陈伟 西安建筑科技大学
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中文摘要:
      铜离子活化的锌矿物易浮难抑,导致铜锌共生硫化矿浮选分离成为选矿领域的一个难题,添加络合剂是抑制铜离子对锌矿物活化的有效手段。本文以乳清蛋白作为铜离子络合剂,考察其对铜离子活化铁闪锌矿及阻止铜离子活化铁闪锌矿的抑制效果,并用X射线光电子能谱、红外光谱及动电位分析相关机理。浮选试验结果表明,加入乳清蛋白后被铜离子活化铁闪锌矿的回收率由44.69%降到了2.56%。X射线光电子能谱和红外光谱等检测结果表明,乳清蛋白在碱性矿浆条件下分解成氨基酸,形成典型的的弱场强配体,并与通过络合作用与矿浆中铜离子紧密结合。同时,乳清蛋白会以化学吸附的方式覆盖在铁闪锌矿表面,阻碍铁闪锌矿表面的硫离子与铜离子氧化还原反应的进行,从而防止铜离子活化铁闪锌矿。
英文摘要:
      The copper-zinc symbiotic sulfide ores are difficult to separate due to the inadvertent activation of zinc minerals by copper ions, and the addition of complexing agent is an effective method to depress the activated zinc minerals. In this paper, the depression effect of Whey protein, a chelating agent for copper ions, on the flotation of copper-activated marmatite and preventing copper ions from activating marmatite was investigated by flotation, Zeta potential, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy(FTIR). The flotation test results showed that the recovery of marmatite activated by copper ion decreased from 44.69% to 2.56% after adding whey protein.The results of zeta potential, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy showed that whey proteins are decomposed into amino acids, when the pulp is alkaline, forming a typical weak-field-strength ligand, which binds closely to copper ions in pulp through complexation. At the same time, whey proteins can be chemically adsorbed on the surface of marmatite, hindering the oxidation and reduction of sulfur ions on the surface of marmatite with copper ions, thus preventing copper ions from activating marmatite.
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