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DOI:
有色金属工程:2020,(10):95-104
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国内外锂矿资源及其分布概述
张苏江, 崔立伟, 孔令湖, 姜爱玲, 李建波
(自然资源实物地质资料中心)
Summarize on the Lithium Mineral Resources and Their Distribution at Home and Abroad
ZHANG Sujiang, CUI Liwei, KONG Linghu, JIANG Ailing, Li Jianbo
(Cores and Samples Centre of Natural Resources,China Geological Survey)
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投稿时间:2020-04-27    修订日期:2020-06-03
中文摘要: 锂作为战略性新兴产业发展的重要支撑矿种,被世界各国视为新的经济增长点。世界锂矿资源丰富,主要分布于北美洲、拉丁美洲、非洲、大洋洲、欧洲及亚洲。截至2019年底,全球已探明的锂矿资源储量达1700万t,中国储量占比为5.88%,排名世界第4。未来随着中国高端装备制造、储能与分布式电源、新能源汽车等产业的发展,锂资源的需求会持续快速上升,而国内锂资源供应能力较弱,供应缺口将长期存在。通过分析国内外锂矿矿床类型、资源分布特征,结合中国锂矿勘查开发的新进展,提出需加大国内重点成锂区(带)勘探投入、统筹海外优质固液锂资源市场布局、开展盐湖提锂技术攻关与共(伴)生锂矿利用研究、加强锂资源综合利用技术和深加工技术研发等建议。
中文关键词:   矿产资源  分布特征  中国  世界
Abstract:As an important support for the development of strategic emerging industries, lithium is regarded as a new economic growth point. The lithium resources in the world are rich, mainly distributed in North America, Latin America, Africa, Oceania, Europe and Asia. By 2019, the world''s proven natural lithium reserves are 17 Mt, China''s lithium reserves accounted for 5.88%, ranking fourth in the world. As high end equipment manufacturing, energy storage and distributed power, new-energy vehicles industry grows, demand for lithium will be soaring, but limited by a poor internal supply capacity. By analyzing the type of lithium deposits resources, distribution characteristics, and combined with the new progress of exploration and exploitation of lithium ore in China, it is proposed that it is necessary to increase exploration investment in key lithium forming areas (zones) in China,to overall planning of overseas high-quality solid-liquid lithium resource market layout,to studyon lithium recovery technology in salt lake and utilization of co-(associated) lithium deposits,to strengthen the research and development of comprehensive utilization technology and deep processing technology of lithium resources.
文章编号:     中图分类号:F407.1;F416.1    文献标志码:
基金项目:中国地质调查局“实物地质资料汇集与服务”科研项目资助(DD20190411)
引用文本:
张苏江,崔立伟,孔令湖,姜爱玲,李建波.国内外锂矿资源及其分布概述[J].有色金属工程,2020,(10):95-104.

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